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Free Anatomy Quiz

Name and give examples of the four main tissue types

Test your knowledge of the four main tissue types by answering the following questions. If you get stuck on any of them, you'll find the answers in the article below.

Q1. _______ is made up of specialised nerve cells called neurons.

Q2. The lining of the internal and external body surfaces is called ________ tissue.

Q3. Smooth muscle tissue is also known as ___________ muscle tissue.

Q4. There are _______ main types of muscle tissue.

Q5. The walls of blood vessels are formed from _______ muscle tissue.

Q6. All types of tissue are bound and supported by ___________ tissue.

Q7. The muscle tissue of the heart is called __________ muscle tissue.

Q8. The spinal cord contains __________ tissue.

Name and give examples of the four main tissue types

Epithelial tissue - This tissue is specialised to form the covering or lining of all internal and external body surfaces, i.e. the skin. It can provide protection, absorption, secretion, excretion, sensation and diffusion.

Nervous tissue - Can be found in the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves that branch throughout the body, and is made up of specialised nerve cells called neurons (which conduct nerve impulses from the sense organs and receptors to the central nervous system), and neuroglia (tissue that surrounds and supports the neurons).

Muscular tissue - There are three main types of muscle tissue - smooth or involuntary (forms the muscle layers in the walls of organs, various ducts of glands, and the walls of blood vessels), striated or skeletal (found in skeletal muscle, used to bring about movement of bones), and cardiac (which is specific to the heart).

Connective tissue - Functions primarily to bind or connect all types of tissue, and supports, protects and insulates the body. Can be found in many forms in the body including cartilage, bone and blood.

Reference: Clinically Oriented Anatomy, Moore

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